Pump Type Follows:

Saturday, August 30, 2008

Piston Pumps

There are two ordinary types of piston pumps, simplex double-acting pumps and duplex double-acting pumps.

Simplex Double-Acting Pumps These pumps may be direct acting (i.e., direct-connected to a steam cylinder) or power-driven (through a crank and flywheel from the cross-head of a steam engine).

Duplex Double-Acting Pumps These pumps differ primarily from those of the simplex type in having two cylinders whose operation is coordinated. They may be direct-acting, steam-driven, or power-driven with crank and flywheel.

Plunger pumps differ from piston pumps in that they have one or more constant-diameter plungers reciprocating through packing glands and displacing liquid from cylinders in which there is considerable radial clearance. They are always single-acting, in the sense that only one end of the plunger is used in pumping the liquid.

Plunger pumps are available with one, two, three, four, five, or even more cylinders. Simplex and duplex units are often built in a horizontal design. Those with three or more cylinders are usually of vertical design. The driver may be an electric motor, a steam or gas engine, or a steam turbine. This is the common type of power pump.

Occasionally plunger pumps are constructed with opposed cylinders and plungers connected by yokes and tie rods; this arrangement, in effect, constitutes a double-acting unit. Simplex plunger pumps mounted singly or in gangs with a common drive are quite commonly used as metering or proportioning pumps. Frequently a variable-speed drive or a stroke adjusting mechanism is provided to vary the flow as desired. These pumps are designed to measure or control the flow of liquid within a deviation of 62 percent with capacities up to 11.35 m3/h (50 gal/min) and pressures as high as 68.9 MPa (10,000 lbf/in2).