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Wednesday, May 13, 2009

Axial Thrust in Vertical Pumps

Axial Thrust in Vertical Pump With Single Suction Impeller . The subject of axial thrust in horizontal pumps has already discussed in my article before. When pumps are installed in a vertical position, additional factors need be taken into account when determining the amount and direction of the thrust to be absorbed in the thrust bearings.

The first and most significant of these factors is the weight of the rotating parts, which is a constant downward force for any given pump, completely independent of the pump operating capacity or total head. Since in most cases the single suction impellers of vertical pumps are mounted with the suction eye facing downward, the normal hydraulic axial thrust is exerted downward and the weight of the rotating parts is additive to this axial thrust.

The second factor involves the dynamic force (or change in momentum) caused by the change in the direction of flow, from vertical to either horizontal or partly horizontal, as the pumped liquid flows through the impeller. This force acts upward and balances a small for water having a specific weight (force) of 62.34 lb/ft2.