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Monday, November 3, 2008

Butterfly and Check Valve

Butterfly Valves

These valves occupy less space in the line than any other valves. Relatively tight sealing without excessive operating torque and seat wear is accomplished by a variety of methods, such as resilient seats, piston rings on the disk, and inclining the stem to limit contact between the portions of disk closest to the stem and the body seat to a few degrees of curvature.

Fluid-pressure distribution tends to close the valve. For this reason, the smaller manually operated valves have a latching device on the handle, and the larger manually operated valves use worm gearing on the stem. This hydraulic unbalance is proportional to the pressure drop and, with line velocities exceeding 7.6 m/s (25 ft/s), is the principal component in the torque required to operate the valves. Compared with other valves for low-pressure drops, these valves can be operated by smaller hydraulic cylinders. In this service butterfly valves with insert bodies for bolting between existing flanges with bolts that pass by the body are the lowest-first-cost valve in pipe sizes 10 in and larger. Pressure drop is quite high compared with that of gate valves.

Swing Check Valves

These valves are used to prevent reversal of flow. Normal design is for use only in horizontal lines, where the force of gravity on the disk is at a maximum at the start of closing and at a minimum at the end of closing. Unlike most other valves, check valves are more likely to leak at low pressure than at high pressure, since fluid pressure alone forces the disk to conform to the seat. For this reason elastomers are often mounted on the disk. Swing check valves are available with low cost insert bodies. Other kind of check valve are lift check valve.